Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

You are here: Home People George R. Milner

George R. Milner

George R. Milner

Professor of Anthropology

119 Carpenter Building
University Park , PA 16802
Office Phone: (814) 865-1268


  1. B.A., Beloit College, 1975
  2. M.A., Northwestern University, 1976
  3. Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1982



Dr. Milner's osteological and archaeological research focuses on the prehistory of eastern North America, especially the late prehistoric Midwest and Southeast. Topics of special interest include the development of Mississippian chiefdoms (particularly Cahokia in Illinois), sedentary Archaic hunter-gathers, pre-Columbian warfare, mortuary practices, prehistoric disease experience, and age estimation methods.



Over 63 months taking part in archaeological surveys and excavations on mortuary and habitation sites in Illinois, Kentucky, Wisconsin, Missouri, Micronesia (Saipan, CNMI), and Egypt.

Studied modern and prehistoric skeletons from Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio, Saipan, Denmark, Portugal, and Egypt; also prehistoric artifacts from Illinois, Kentucky, and Missouri.



  • ANTH 2 -  Introduction to Archaeology

  • ANTH 285 -  Culture Contact

  • ANTH 410 -  Osteology (Syllabus)

  • ANTH 411 -  Forensic Skeletal Anthropology (Syllabus)

  • ANTH 423 -  The Evolution of American Indian Culture (Syllabus)

  • ANTH 428 -  Theory and Method in Archaeology

  • ANTH 521 -  Current Literature Archaeology

  • ANTH 588 -  Method and Theory in Archaeology



(G.R. Milner, G. Chaplin) Eastern North American Population at A.D. 1500. American Antiquity 75:707-726.


(G.R. Milner, J.E. Buikstra, M.D. Wiant) Archaic Burial Sites in the Midcontinent. In Archaic Societies: Diversity and Complexity Across the Midcontinent, T.E. Emerson, D. McElrath, and A. Fortier (eds.), pp. 115-135. State University of New York Press, Albany.


(G.R. Milner, J.W. Wood, J.L. Boldsen) Advances in Paleodemography. In Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, 2nd ed. M.A. Katzenberg and S.R. Saunders (eds.), pp. 561-600. Wiley-Liss, New York.


Warfare, Population, and Food Production in Prehistoric Eastern North America, In Warfare and Violence Among the Indigenous Peoples of North America: Problems in Paradise. R.J. Chacon and R.G. Mendoza (eds.), pp. 182-201.University of Arizona Press, Tucson


(G.R. Milner, J.E. Buikstra) Skeletal Biology: Northeast. In Handbook of North American Indians: Environment, Origins, and Population, vol. 3, D.H. Ubelaker (ed.), pp. 630-639. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

(T.M. Ryan, G.R. Milner) Osteological Applications of High-Resolution Computed Tomography: A Prehistoric Arrow Injury. Journal of Archaeological Science 33:871-879.

(D. R. Snow, M. Gahegan, C. L. Giiles, K. G. Hirsute, G. R. Milner, P. Mitra, J. Z. Wang) Cybertools in Archaeology. Science 311:958-959.


(R.W. Jefferies, V.D. Thompson, G.R. Milner) Archaic Hunter-Gatherer Landscape Use in West-Central Kentucky. Journal of Field Archaeology 30:3-23.


The Moundbuilders. Thames and Hudson, London.


(J.L. Boldsen, G.R. Milner, L.W. Konigsberg, J.W. Wood) Transition Analysis: A New Method for Estimating Age from Skeletons. In Paleodemography: Age Distributions from Skeletal Samples. R.D. Hoppa and J.W. Vaupel (eds.), pp. 73-106. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


(G.R. Milner, D.G. Anderson, M.T. Smith) The Distribution of Eastern Woodlands Peoples at the Prehistoric and Historic Interface. In Societies in Eclipse: Archaeology of the Eastern Woodlands Indians, A.D. 1400-1700. D. Brose, C. W. Cowan, and R. C. Mainfort (eds.), pp. 9-18. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.
1999 Warfare in Prehistoric and Early Historic Eastern North America. Journal of Archaeological Research 7:105-151.


The Cahokia Chiefdom: The Archaeology of a Mississippian Society. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (2006, reprint edition, University Press of Florida, Gainesville)


(J.W. Wood, G.R. Milner, H.C. Harpending, K.M. Weiss) The Osteological Paradox: Problems of Inferring Prehistoric Health from Skeletal Samples. Current Anthropology 33:343-370.

Personal tools
Log in